Background and Objectives
The SMART (Sustainable Management of Aquaculture through Remote sensing Technology) project aims at providing Earth Observation (EO) products and services to aquaculture industry for planning, operation and impact monitoring. In the perspective of availability of Sentinel 2 and 3, and the outcomes of the Sentinel 2 preparatory workshops, SMART makes use of an innovative joint exploitation of Medium and High Resolution optical missions (in particular, MERIS and Landsat) to better support coastal aquaculture, with the following innovation:
- 1 - The source of EO data used: the EO data that are used for SMART are mainly optical data imagery at Medium and High Resolution (resp. noted MR and HR); SMART benefits from past MERIS, MODIS and SeaWiFs missions, on-going Thermal Infrared missions; OLCI-like data derived from MERIS and Landsat 7/8 time series are used in preparation of upcoming Sentinel-3 as well as Sentinel 2;
- 2 - The novelty of the EO products comes from highly relevant new parameters (e.g. Particulate Organic Carbon - POC) which are derived owing to new algorithms that are developed in the frame of e.g. FP7 OSS2015 project, to assess the biomass productivity (carrying capacity) of site (at short scale and/or on a statistical basis);
- 3 - Innovative algorithmic approaches: SMART makes use of an innovative joint exploitation of MR and HR optical missions (in particular, MERIS/OLCI-like, Landsat, Sentinel 3 for MR, and Sentinel 2 for HR) to better support coastal aquaculture;
- 4 - Original fields of EO applications: applications of two types are used (for which three users and accompanying requirements have been selected): (i) new EO-derived tools for optimisation/ exploitation/ monitoring of mussels farms in the Mediterranean in Adriatic and Algeria (giving the opportunity to be easily transferred to others sites outside Med); and (ii) estimation of pollution impact of shrimp farming in Vietnam which is a real environmental concern;
- 5 - Inventive processes for production or dissemination: these products are put in place in SMART and integrated in the planning model currently running without EO data;
- 6 - Awareness and readiness of the user community involved: SMART addresses a user community who has started only very recently to consider the use of EO information as a potential tool for aquaculture site selection.
Several recent and on-going EU projects (e.g. MEDINA, SAFI) are triggering awareness and interest of experts and institutions for EO in the context of aquaculture which is growing very fast worldwide and poses new challenge for spatial planning and environmental management.