Since the 90ies, ACRI-ST had a long-standing experience in the development and the delivery of environmental services dedicated to end-users such as Navies, local communities and geophysical companies, which are based on the concomitant use of Earth Observation, in-situ data and numerical models. For the last 5 years, R&D efforts focused on the implementation of European Water Quality directives and on support to shellfish farming and aquaculture which are economic areas depending on water quality. This R&D has been partially subsidized by the EC on FP7 projects such as AQUAMAR, SAFI or MEDINA (Marine Ecosystems Dynamics and Indicators for North Africa) or by France (e.g. GIRAC, SIRHYUS) and sometimes funded by ESA (e.g. MARCOAST).

In parallel, the company has heavily invested in the development of new algorithms for the use of Sentinel data, either internally with results presented to the Sentinel-2 for Science workshops*, subsidized through the Marine Collaborative Ground Segment, a French Public-Private Initiative to enhance the use of Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-3 data, or through COPERNICUS R&D funds (e.g. OSS2015). The company has a deep understanding of EO data, and associated errors estimates, one reason why it has been selected by ESA to work in or lead the Mission Performance Centres of Sentinel-2 and Sentinel-3, and to prepare & run the next MERIS reprocessing.

* Antoine Mangin, Odile Fanton d’Andon - Joint use of Sentinel-2 and Sentinel-3 Products for coastal Waters. Sentinel-2 for Science workshop – April 2012 Antoine Mangin, Odile Hembise Fanton d'Andon, Romain Serra, Amine Taji and Mohammed Houd- Use of Sentinel-2 for inland waters quality monitoring – preparatory activities and first results. Sentinel-2 for Science workshop – May 2014



Bluefarm, established in February 2014, is a young and dynamic spin-off of Ca’ Foscari University, Venice, Italy and is currently operating on the premises of the Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics of Ca’ Foscari. Bluefarm mission is to bridge the gap between scientific research and application in the field of sustainable aquaculture, with particular focus on Mediterranean areas, including North African countries. Our activities focus on the following key aspects of sustainable aquaculture: site selection and environmental impact assessment; optimization of husbandry practices and monitoring; production of new species. Bluefarm has successfully applied to a grant of the Italian Ministry of University and Scientific (MIUR) for developing-: i) a software for managing aquafarms; ii) a pilot plant for the rearing of marine polychaetes of commercial interest.

Bluefarm expertise particularly relevant to SMART includes: the development of integrated models for site selection, environmental impact assessment and monitoring, optimisation of both finfish and shellfish farms; the use of advanced multivariate statistical techniques for water quality classification. The knowledge and understanding of the user community Bluefarm will interact with in order to adapt the EO derived products to their satisfaction. The ultimate objective of Bluefarm is to have at the end of the project a modelling chain integrating the use of satellite data in its models, for the marine ecosystem assessment part.